Material stocks is the largest asset in any business. An analysis of stocks allows us to evaluate the cost of goods sold and, ultimately, profitability. This is a very important process that affects the final profit of the enterprise.
The main tasks of mps:
- Control over the preservation of the value of objects.
- Documenting the condition of the warehouse and operations associated with it.
- Documentation of expendables with the manufacture of items.
- Competent calculation of surplus cost.
- Identification of unused surpluses and their realization.
Estimates of materials in tax accounting are a major asset to the organization and a financial price is necessary to record them on the balance sheet. This value can allow the assortment turnover ratio in the warehouse to be determined, which, in turn, will help plan purchasing decisions.
The importance of identifying the condition of surplus
Identifying unsold items is just one step in calculating stocks. It also requires a figure that can be multiplied by the quantity to get the final value. The firm may have paid different prices for these items over time, so it needs to choose a means to calculate the total rate.
If at the end of the year you have 50 pieces of unsold merchandise left over, due to fluctuations in product fees, you will face a dilemma as to which rate you should use. So you have to choose a certain type of reserve calculation.
The differences in the types of resource stocks
There are three methods of resource taxation. The methods of valuation in tax accounting are as follows:
- FIFO – the first items purchased leave the warehouse. When items are sold, they are calculated from the first list that arrives at the store or warehouse.
- LIFO – the last items received in your store go first.
- WAC – the average revenue of an item during the year. The average price is calculated by dividing the total cost by the total quantity purchased during the year.
Choosing the right analysis can help your business grow.
Methods of calculating taxation:
- FIFO. Items purchased recently will sell faster. Multiply the new purchase rate by the number of items included in the new order, then use the previous rate for the remaining items.
- LIFO. Items purchased last will be sold sooner. Multiply the old purchase rate by the number of items included in the new order, then use the previous rate for the remaining items.
- WAC. Average charge per unit. Calculated by summing the FIFO and LIFO rates and dividing by half.
The FIFO rate usually exceeds the LIFO rate because more per unit items were paid at the end of the year. However, this is not always the case. If the purchase price falls during the year, the FIFO value will be less than the LIFO value, and the WAC value will change accordingly.
Which type of counting is best
There is no straightforward answer to this question. The path of the savings analysis depends on market conditions and the financial goals of the organization. Below are a few scenarios that can give a company the best example of a reserve analysis for a business: applying for a loan, attracting investors, keeping shareholders happy and saving taxes.
Applying for a business expansion loan
When applying for a loan, you will need to keep your reserve as collateral. In such cases, it is preferable if the company’s stock price is large, as a better figure will give more security to the lender. In this case, accounting methods of valuing mps can help. If prices rise throughout the year, FIFO provides more value for the period-end reserve. If prices are declining, the LIFO technique will give a higher rate. The value of end-of-period savings in the balance sheet is one of the factors used by financial institutions before approving a business loan, so the type that gives the highest rate of stock will be the best for the business.
Attracting investors and keeping shareholders happy
A company with the best rate of return can get a lot of attention from potential investors and keep its existing shareholders happy. So if management is looking for a new financing opportunity or wants to keep its shareholders happy with good profits, a FIFO determination will be beneficial under inflationary market conditions. Similarly, LIFO would be a better choice when prices are falling.
Since adopting FIFO results in a higher gross profit, it makes the organization more attractive to investors.
The right methods of valuing mps in accounting can help reduce tax liabilities. Assuming again an inflationary situation, LIFO will save some money. Under FIFO, the tax liability is highest because earnings are also highest. Under LIFO, the liability is lower because the profit margin is lower.
The methods for valuing mps in tax accounting may seem a bit heavy-handed at first. But if you break it down and look at each technique, things get a lot easier.
The key takeaways are:
- Valuation of mps in tax accounting is the determination of the monetary value of unsold stocks.
- You need to choose the type of surplus stocks taxation because the cost you pay for items from a supplier can change over time.
- There are three ways to diagnose the reserve: FIFO (items bought first will be sold first), LIFO (items bought last will be sold first), and WAC (average item rate over the year).
- Savings analysis techniques can help when you need to get more credit guarantees for a firm, attract new investors, or increase shareholder satisfaction.
Stocks play an important role in the asset category of the balance sheet. Understanding the state of the reserve and its importance can help achieve business growth goals and make the most of current market conditions.